In Daniel Pink’s book on motivation, Drive, he examines the research and outlines what he calls Motivation 1.0 (survival), Motivation 2.0 (rewards and punishments), and Motivation 3.0 (autonomy, mastery, and purpose). I think that is solid, but incomplete. I propose Motivation 4.0 to include relationships. I also think the four can be related to the four key life areas of body, mind, heart, and spirit.
- Body – Our physical realm: health, diet, fitness, sexuality, our financial and other resources, freedom of movement, and structures and routines that help maintain stability and security.
Key goal: Autonomy.
- Mind – Our mental realm: intelligence, skills, conscious choices, complex competencies, beliefs and assumptions, cognitive processes, achievement, objectives, and power.
Key Goal: Mastery
- Heart – Our relational realm: emotional intelligence, relationship skills with self and others, fear and abandonment tolerance and management, quality of connection to various social environments, teamwork, values and ethics, integration of personal history and personal Shadow.
Key goal: Relationship with self and others.
- Spirit – Our spiritual realm: vision, personal mission, leadership, integration of the four realms into a unified sense of self and worldview, spirit, religion or other spiritual practice, and transcendence.
Key Goal: Purpose.
Considering this as a guide, where are your strengths and your challenges?